7 Pumpkin Growth Stages Explained (From Seed to Harvest)

Do you love pumpkins as much as we do? These versatile plants can thrive in almost any climate, providing us with delicious fruit, nutritious seeds, and even beautiful decorations. But have you ever wondered how a tiny seed turns into a plump, orange pumpkin?

Well, buckle up, because we’re about to take you on a thrilling journey through all the Pumpkin growth stages!

From the first sprout to the ripe, juicy fruit, we’ll show you what to expect at every step of the way. So grab a pumpkin spice latte and let’s get growing!

Important Information About Pumpkins:

Scientific NameCucurbita pepo
OriginNative to North America
SizeVaries in size, can range from small to large
ShapeTypically round or oval with a ribbed outer skin
ColorUsually orange, but can also be green, white, or yellow
Nutritional ValueLow in calories, high in fiber, and a good source of vitamins A and C
Common UsesCulinary ingredient, Halloween decorations, and pies
CultivationGrown in warm climates, requires well-drained soil and full sun
Growing SeasonTypically planted in spring and harvested in the fall
StorageCan be stored in a cool, dry place for several months
Popular VarietiesJack-o’-lantern, Sugar Pie, Cinderella, Butternut
Fun FactPumpkins are 90% water and can be used to make pumpkin seed oil

All Pumpkin Growth Stages:

A pumpkin plant takes between ninety and one hundred forty days to completely mature, and there are seven pumpkin growth levels, which include pumpkin curing and storage.

Stage 1. Start Planting:

The first degree is to sow your pumpkin seeds. It’s high-quality to plant your seeds in the past due spring. This way, your pumpkins are equipped to reap within the fall.

2 or 3 seeds must be positioned in a single hollow about 1 inch (3cm) deep. This technique is known as overseeding, which will increase the probabilities of seed germination.

For a head start, start the technique indoors with the aid of using putting the seeds in a soil-stuffed box. Water the soil heavily.

Storing a box in a darkish and heated area will cause seeds to sprout inside 5-10 days.

Before putting seeds into the floor, it’s vital to be aware that pumpkins require a whole lot of room to develop. So, pick an area in which you’ve got sufficient area for them to spread.

Read More: 7 Peony Growth Stages: (Guide to Growing Peonies)

Stage 2. Seed Germination:

The second pumpkin plant growth stage is seed germination. Depending on the soil’s temperature, germination can take five to ten days.

Seeds will emerge from the floor and step by step sprout oval-fashioned leaves (cotyledons). Pumpkin seedlings appear very just like cucumber or squash seedlings.

Pumpkin Seed Germination

After every week or so, the primary set of proper leaves emerge. These leaves are greater round and larger than cotyledons. The shadeation of the brand new leaves is barely brighter.

Stage 3. Vine Growth:

After some weeks, vines will begin to protrude from the plant life stem. The plant will start to develop quickly and convey many vines to this degree.

Many pumpkin sorts can develop vines which can be 10 to 20 feet (three to six meters) long, even though it varies primarily based totally on the form of the pumpkin plant.

Such lengthy vines may be a large mission for raised lawn beds. They will develop over the brink and could cowl the entire pathway.

The essential pumpkin vine may be trimmed whilst it’s far 10 -15 feet ( 3 – 4.5 m) long to keep away from plant life taking up the lawn. Tips of the secondary runners may be pruned whilst they may be approximately 8 – 10 feet (2.4 – 3 m) long. Vines developing out of the secondary vines may be eliminated instantly.

Stage 4. Flower Blossom:

After eight to ten weeks, you must be aware of plant life growing among the plant stems and the runner vines. Flowers normally have large yellow petals. Basically a larger model of a cucumber flower.

Female pumpkin plant life has a small fruit at the back of them, whilst male plant life does not.

At this degree, pumpkin plant life would require fertilizer. Well-composted manure or natural fertilizers will maintain the plant more healthy and will produce bigger fruit.

Stage 5. Flower Pollination:

When your plant life develops, the male plant life will shape and blossom earlier than the female plant life. When female plant life appears, the pumpkin pollination degree starts off and evolves.

At this degree, pumpkin plant life blooms and appeals to insects. Insects which include bees or bumble bees switch pollen from male plant life to female plant life.

When the pollen switch is complete, the female flower will get fertilized and begin forming the fruit.

Pumpkin Flower Pollination

If there may be a loss of pollinators withinside the area, you could simulate their activity. This is performed with the aid of shifting the pollen from the male flower to the female flower using a small paintbrush. However, this technique is lengthy and inefficient. It is constantly higher to draw pollinators on your lawn.

During the pollination degree, many plant life would possibly drop from the pumpkin plant life. As lengthy as those are male plant life, it’s far from normal. When male plant life ends, the plant will sell them off onto the floor.

Also Read: How Many Pumpkins Per Plant? (Growth Tips 2023)

Stage 6. Fruit Development:

Once the pollination technique is complete, the female flower petals will near in, and the fruit will slowly begin to develop.

During this degree, the end result will develop large and turn out to be greater rounded. The common time for pumpkins to completely mature after pollination is forty five to fifty five days.

As the fruit continues to develop, its pores and skin thickens and hardens. After some months, the pumpkin vines will begin to brown and wither. They will step by step extrade to their herbal shadeation.

We all understand our favorite pumpkin colors. However, relying on the variety, aside from orange and yellow, they may be white, green, blue, black, or maybe combined colors.

So, this concludes the growth stages of a pumpkin plant.

Stage 7. Harvest Time:

Now comes the thrilling part of the pumpkin growth stages. Harvest time!

There are numerous approaches to inform whilst the pumpkin fruit is prepared to be harvested. 

These are:

  • The pores and skin of the pumpkin is the suitable shadeation (relying on variety),
  • Plant vines will begin to dieback,
  • The pumpkin pores and skin turns into hard,
  • Hearing a hole sound whilst tapping the out of doors of the fruit,
  • The pumpkin stem turns tough.

Once a majority of these take place, the fruit is prepared to be harvested.

Pumpkin Harvest Time

Use clippers or pruners to reduce the stem whilst harvesting pumpkins. Leave about 2 inches (five cm) of stem connected to the pumpkin. This will increase the fruit’s shelf life.

Pumpkin Cutting:

Before you’re taking your pumpkins to decorate, shop or use for cooking, it is vital to remedy them in a sunny spot for about 2 to 4 weeks.

Curing will toughen pumpkin pores and skin, will defend them towards deterioration, and increase its shelf life.

If rain or frost is expected for the duration of this curing period, flow pumpkins to a protected area.

Pumpkin Storage:

After curing is complete, with right storage, pumpkins can last as long as 6 months.

Store pumpkins in a cool, dark area with accurate air circulation. Check pumpkins weekly and get rid of any that display any symptoms of mold.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

What is the time period of pumpkin plant growth? 

Pumpkins generally reach maturity within 90 to 120 days after sowing, depending on the variety. Pumpkins are ripe when they are fully colored, have a firm skin, and have woody stems. Carefully cut the stem with a knife, leaving a few inches of stem on the pumpkin.

What are the main stages of the pumpkin plant life cycle?

The life of a pumpkin begins with sowing seeds in warm soil. And when the seed has drunk all kinds of water and sunshine, it sprouts out of the earth. Then watch the leaves and vine grow. Eventually, pumpkin flowers will bloom from the plant.

How much time is required by the pumpkin plant to develop fruit after flowering?

After successful pollination, the plant takes about 45-55 days to produce mature fruit. Pumpkins will start to grow and change color depending on the variety you planted.

Does a pumpkin plant need a lot of watering?

Pumpkins need 1 inch of water per week. Water vigorously in the morning and in very hot afternoons, especially during fruiting. Avoid watering the leaves and fruit unless it’s a sunny day. Moisture causes rot and disease.

Why don’t my pumpkin flowers turn into fruits?

This is because there is no pollination. The most likely reason healthy vines do not set fruit is that the female flowers are not pollinated. 


Pumpkin is a totally clean vegetable to develop, and it is very versatile. It may be used for decoration, pie filling, soup base, and greater. This is an outstanding vegetable to develop on your outdoor or lawn.

So, right here you go! All pumpkin growth stages and levels have been briefly explained. We hope that all your questions got their answers. Best of Luck with growing pumpkins!

Read More Gardening Articles:

Lemon Tree Growth Stages (Complete Life Cycle Guide)

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9 Watermelon Growing Stages: [How it Grows + Care Tips]


  • Keith Wilson

    Keith Wilson is a well-respected gardening expert and author with a passion for all things related to vegetable gardening. With years of experience in the horticultural industry, Keith has developed a deep knowledge of plant care and cultivation techniques that he shares through his writing.

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